Spirit Wrestler Gallery (Vancouver, Canada)

Ngā Mahia a Rehia • July Moon: Keeper of the Arts of Pleasure


The manu (kite) had many purposes. It was flown as an omen to see whether a pa (fortification) could be sacked or to trick warriors to their deaths, but ultimately was used as a means of amusement. The kite, among other activities such as songs, dance, games and puppets, lifted the spirits of the young and old. Laughter, like the kite, elevated their inner being up high into the realm of Ranginui (sky father).

Lewis Tamihana Gardiner

Lewis Tamihana Gardiner


Te Arawa, Ngāti Awa, Whanau a Apanui, Ngāi Tahu

(1972- )

Lewis Gardiner is regarded as one of the most innovative and respected Māori jade artists of his generation. In 1994, he graduated in Māori Craft and Design at the Waiariki Institute of Technology in Rotorua. During his final year he was introduced to the valuable medium of pounamu (jade) and was immediately attracted to its artistic possibilities. Māori had always valued pounamu for both its hardness and for its translucent beauty. Lewis was no different — as he says, “Our tupuna (ancestors) have given us, the Māori people, the resource and knowledge base to provide a reference for us and our children for years to come.”