Spirit Wrestler Gallery (Vancouver, Canada)

Toko Toko


In ancient times the Maori traveler carried a form of long spear called a Toko Toko mainly for protection. In later years the Toko Toko became a walking stick or cane. To a Maori elder his TokoToko is very personal, not just for walking but for when he uses it in oratory, speech making on ceremonial occasions.

This Toko Toko or walking stick. The carved figure at the top of the stick represents an ancestor of the owner. At the back of the carved figure is a small carved head keeping watch over the rear of the stick. The surface design on the carved figure is called Rape Rape derived from the buttock moko (tattoo) of the warrior. The other carved heads down the length of the stick also represent ancestors of the owner. The other carved design used on the stick is Hae Hae the cut line and Pakati the notch. These two are arranged to contrast another design known as Rau Ponga, a native tree fern. Rau a leaf and Ponga a native tree fern. This pattern shows the mid rib of the fern and its outwards parts. The wood used is Manuka, the shell used is abalone or paua.

Clive Ernest Fugill

Clive Ernest Fugill


Ngāi Te Rangi, Ngāti Ranginui, Tainui, Ngāti Rangiwewehi

(1949- )

Clive Fugill was born 15 January 1949, of both Tainui and Ngati Ranginui tribal affiliation. Mr Fugill was one of seven successful applicants for the NZ Maori Arts and Crafts Institute’s first intake for a three year carver training course. He commenced his training in January 1967 and graduated in December 1969. Five of the graduates from that course returned to the Institute for post-graduate training, with Mr Fugill and two others being retained by the Institute to develop their carving skills under the watchful eye of the late Master Carver, Hone Taiapa.