Spirit Wrestler Gallery (Vancouver, Canada)

Ceremonial Hoe (Paddle)


  • Medium: tōtara, pāua (New Zealand abalone)
  • Size: 41 × 4 × 1.5 inches
  • Reference Code: K90702

Most of the meaning on this paddle comes from the surface design. There are two patterns used here. One is Rape Rape consisting of spirals to create movement. This pattern was derived from the buttock tattoo of a warrior. The second pattern used is derived from the Kowhaiwhai designs or rafter patterns in the tribal meeting house. There are two elements used in the design. One is the Mangopare (Hammerhead Head Shark) representing strength and Koru (fern curl) in the design represents growth.

The two carved heads are guardians of the paddle and are often ancestors of the owner. The top head is in half profile and is called the manaia. The second head is in full detail. Both heads have the Rape Rape design. The band running through the piece consists of Hae Hae the cut line meaning to slice. Pakati the notch which means to cut deeply.

Clive Ernest Fugill

Clive Ernest Fugill


Ngāi Te Rangi, Ngāti Ranginui, Tainui, Ngāti Rangiwewehi

(1949- )

Clive Fugill was born 15 January 1949, of both Tainui and Ngati Ranginui tribal affiliation. Mr Fugill was one of seven successful applicants for the NZ Maori Arts and Crafts Institute’s first intake for a three year carver training course. He commenced his training in January 1967 and graduated in December 1969. Five of the graduates from that course returned to the Institute for post-graduate training, with Mr Fugill and two others being retained by the Institute to develop their carving skills under the watchful eye of the late Master Carver, Hone Taiapa.