Spirit Wrestler Gallery (Vancouver, Canada)

Karanga Ruru (The Call of the Owl)


“The karanga ruru is based on the karanga manu form, a practical bird caller that was used to call birds to certain feeding snares and traps. Plenty of birds to feed your manuhiri (guests) was a sign of wealth and in Māori society it was important to look after and feed your manuhiri whether they were of lowly status or important rank. This flows in today’s society to treat all your guests with mana (honour) and integrity”.

—Lewis Tamihana Gardiner

Lewis Tamihana Gardiner

Lewis Tamihana Gardiner


Te Arawa, Ngāti Awa, Whanau a Apanui, Ngāi Tahu

(1972- )

Lewis Gardiner is regarded as one of the most innovative and respected Māori jade artists of his generation. In 1994, he graduated in Māori Craft and Design at the Waiariki Institute of Technology in Rotorua. During his final year he was introduced to the valuable medium of pounamu (jade) and was immediately attracted to its artistic possibilities. Māori had always valued pounamu for both its hardness and for its translucent beauty. Lewis was no different — as he says, “Our tupuna (ancestors) have given us, the Māori people, the resource and knowledge base to provide a reference for us and our children for years to come.”